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Plasma Arc

Plasma Arc Gasification

Plasma Arc Gasification is quite simple in that a device that is approximately 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide will produce a continuous flame that is as hot as the surface of the sun (10,000 degrees F). When exposed to these temperatures, virtually all substances known to man will break down to the most basic stable atomic elements that they were originally made from. This greatly reduces the problems of having to deal with large quantities of toxic compounds that would remain after normal lower temperature incineration methods. These torches will be mounted in a large oven and the oven floor that will be covered in a layer of molten glass. As the solid wastes are dumped into the oven, all gases produced are broken down primarily into Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide. When these two elements are allowed to remain combined they form what is called “Syngas” which can be used as a fuel in similar ways to how natural gas is used. The waste product that remains after burning Syngas is CO2. This CO2 will also be cooled and fed back to our algae. As wastes are consumed, any basic elements that remain behind as heavy metal solids will fall into the molten glass which is periodically skimmed from the bottom thereby producing stable vitrified rubble that is commonly used as filler in the production of bricks, cement or asphalt. Electrical energy can be produced from waste heat down to 300 degrees F. Any remaining heat less than 300 degrees F will be captured and transferred to our shallow geothermal heat storage system and will be used to maintain the temperature of our biomass growth in winter. With current technology it is normally accepted that it takes approximately 2/3rds of the power produced by a “Gasification to Energy” plant to keep the plant running. The remaining 1/3 of the electrical energy produced is fed into the grid for the city to use. We will continue to research ways to increase the efficiency of our prototype “Gasification to Energy” plants.

This first reference is an example of converting city waste into energy:
What is Plasma Gasification (view the "Plasma Gasification: The New Energy" video)

This second reference is an example of maximizing waste heat into energy:
Waste Heat Potential

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